What is a sprain? What are the signs and symptoms of a sprain?
Sprain – a very common injuries that occur when sudden movements in excess of the allowable range of motion of the joint, or do not coincide with its normal direction. Such injuries often occur in everyday situations: according to statistics, about 85% of all home injuries – it sprains or breaks. Often, these injuries occur in children. But most often from the strains and sprains of varying severity affected athletes. Most traumatic in this regard sports – it’s a great tennis, gymnastics, football, hockey, boxing, wrestling, and some types of athletics (jumping, throwing spears or drive, etc.).
What is a sprain?
Ligaments are called dense bundles of connective tissue that connect bones to each other and held in place by the joint. They strengthen bones and joints directed motion in the joints. Thus, ligaments provide both the mobility of the joint and fixation, without giving the possibility to move the joint in the “wrong” direction.
When you sprain a partial tear or complete rupture of connective tissue. Typically, sprains occur in the ankle and wrist in an unsuccessful their turn or fall. Sprain of the knee and elbow joints are less common. The shoulder joint is damaged by a sudden jerk or stroke of the outstretched hand.
Signs and symptoms of a sprain
Bundles permeated a lot of nerve endings and blood vessels, so sprains, and even more torn ligaments cause severe pain and swelling of the injured joint. Usually the acute pain of varying severity for sprains appears at the moment of injury or immediately after the injury. Also appear quickly and other symptoms sprains: bleeding (hematoma) in trauma, swelling, redness, marked limitation of joint function and pain on palpation. Depending on the severity of the sprain can be observed: an increase in temperature (local temperature rise is observed almost always), hyperemia, marked hemorrhage in the soft tissue.
Sometimes it happens that immediately after the injury the victim does not feel severe pain and can make the motion in the affected joint. This situation is misleading and contributes to the sprain, since the motion in the injured joint even more injured ligament damage. After some time (from several minutes to an hour or two after the injury) in the area of the damaged ligament begins to increase, swelling, tenderness, and sharply increased significantly disrupted the function of the joint.
In addition to sprains, traumatic injuries are possible ligaments as tear or rupture. Sprain differ from their discontinuity not only by the degree of pain sensation, but the mobility of the injured area, if the tensile joint mobility often limited, when it may have a break atypically large amplitude.
Sprain should be distinguished from other joint injuries – dislocation, fracture. In dislocation often occurs ligament rupture, one of the displaced bones, articular surfaces of bones completely cease contact (complete dislocation) or contact partially (subluxation). Thus the appearance of the joint usually varies, and the movement of the joint becomes impossible. Dislocation and fracture – a much more serious injury than a sprain. They are in urgent need of qualified medical assistance. As painful phenomena and symptoms of serious sprains, for example, closed fractures are very similar to the installation of the final diagnosis requires X-ray examination.
Sprain is sometimes confused with a sprained muscle. The hallmark of the following: pain in sprains appears immediately after the injury, or for a short time afterwards. If the pain came the next morning, after exercise or at night – it’s a crick.
Video: How to treat sprain with Cold Laser Vityas device
There are three severity of sprain:
Grade I (mild sprain) – damage to a small area of the bunch. Insignificant pain, which can practically not interfere with motor activity. Edema in this degree of stretching can not be.
Grade II (moderate sprain) – a partial tear of ligament. Characterized by severe pain, swelling and bruising appear.
Grade III (severe sprain) – complete rupture ligament. There is a very strong and sharp pain, severe swelling, bruising. If there was a gap in the area of the ankle, then step on the damaged limb can be almost impossible. The risk of rupture ligament is the formation of a “weak” joint, prone to frequent damage.
How to treat sprain – Cold Laser Vityas
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